Species at Risk

Woodland Vole

Woodland Vole (Microtus pinetorum) Status in Canada: Special Concern Status in Ontario: Special Concern Status at SWCR: Common This small chestnut-brown rodent has a short tails and is native to the Carolinian life zone. Quick Facts: The SWCR is within the major part of its range: Southwestern Ontario close to lake Erie. It occupies a variety […]

Species at Risk

Wood Thrush

Wood Thrush (Hylocichla mustelina) Status in Canada: Not yet listed; assessed as Threatened in 2012 Status in Ontario: Not yet listed Status at SWCR: Common breeding bird This robin-sized migratory songbird has a distinctive white eye-ring and spotted belly. The Wood Thrush is widely distributed in deciduous and mixed forests across southern Ontario Quick Facts: The […]

Species at Risk

Virginia Goat’s-rue

Virginia Goat’s-rue (Tephrosia virginiana) Status in Canada: Endangered Status in Ontario: Endangered Status at SWCR: Rare – occurs in only one location This perennial herb has conspicuous pink and yellow flowers above a leafy stem.  In Canada, Virginia Goat’s-rue occurs within a very restricted portion of Norfolk County, and the SWCR population it is the only […]

Species at Risk

Spotted Wintergreen

Spotted Wintergreen (Chimaphila maculata) Status in Canada: Endangered Status in Ontario: Endangered Status at SWCR: Rare and increasing In Canada, there are only 5 known populations of this low evergreen perennial shrub: four here in Norfolk Country, and one in Niagara County. Quick Facts: The SWCR is home to two out of the five existing populations […]

Species at Risk

Snapping Turtle

Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentina) Status in Canada: Special Concern Status in Ontario: Special Concern Status at SWCR: Common but Declining These shy turtles resemble something from another era, with dark algae-covered shells, and long, ridged, dinosaur-like tails. Quick Facts: It is Canada’s largest freshwater turtle, reaching an average length of 20-36 cm and a weight of […]

Species at Risk

Monarch Butterfly

Monarch Butterfly (Danaus plexippus) Status in Canada: Special Concern Status in Ontario: Special Concern Status at SWCR: Very Common This iconic butterfly is easily recognized by the distinctive orange and black patterns on its large wings. Caterpillars have a distinctive look of their own, with bright bands of yellow, black, and white along their bodies and […]

Species at Risk

Louisiana Waterthrush

Louisiana Waterthrush (Parkesia motacilla) Status in Canada: Special Concern Status in Ontario: Special Concern Status at SWCR: Rare breeding bird This Medium-sized migratory songbird has a distinctive light stripe above the eye. It nests in the wetland habitats of the SWCR. Quick Facts: In Ontario, it only breeds in the province’s most southern regions. It is […]

Species at Risk

Karner Blue

Karner Blue (Lycaeides melissa samuelis) Status in Canada: Extirpated Status in Ontario: Extirpated Status at SWCR: Extirpated This small butterfly has blue wings that measure only 22 to 32 mm across! Males are a brighter blue than females, who make up for it by having bright orange crescents around silver and black spots on their wings. […]

Species at Risk

Jefferson Salamander

Jefferson Salamander (Ambystoma jeffersonianum) Status in Canada: Threatened Status in Ontario: Threatened Status at SWCR: Rare in Norfolk County The Jefferson Salamander is a long, slender, dark grey salamander which may have pale blue-grey spots along its sides.  It occurs in a genetic complex with Blue-spotted Salamander, and these two species often hybridize, making identification difficult. […]

Species at Risk

Gray Ratsnake

Gray Ratsnake – Carolinian Population (Pantherophis spiloides) Status in Canada: Endangered Status in Ontario: Endangered Status at SWCR: Extremely rare The young have dark splotches over a lighter grey background, but they become mostly black as adults. Quick Facts: It is Ontario’s largest snake, and can grow over 2m long! They are long-lived snakes, and can […]