The St. Williams Conservation Reserve is strategically located in the middle of the Carolinian eco-region in southwestern Ontario. The Carolinian region makes up less than 1% of Canada’s total land area but boasts a greater number of both flora and fauna species than any other ecoregion in Canada. It is also the most threatened ecological region in Ontario. Over 125 species at risk live in the Carolinian region, and another 400 species in this region are considered provincially and/or globally “rare.”
Protection of this important natural heritage is a priority at the SWCR. The Community Council works with the Ministry of Natural Resources on various habitat management projects, including management of the cultural forests and plantations, prescribed burns to restore oak savanna habitats, and other habitat restoration projects to protect species at risk within the Conservation Reserve.