Virginia Goat’s-rue (Tephrosia virginiana)
Status in Canada: Endangered
Status in Ontario: Endangered
Status at SWCR: Rare – occurs in only one location
This perennial herb has conspicuous pink and yellow flowers above a leafy stem. In Canada, Virginia Goat’s-rue occurs within a very restricted portion of Norfolk County, and the SWCR population it is the only one on public land.
- There are only two populations left in Canada, and the population at the SWCR is the larger of the two.
- This pioneer species needs open areas with a lot of light, and dry, sandy soils.
- It is a fire-adapted species: plants grow larger and have more flowers after spring burns.
Threats at the St. Williams Conservation Reserve:
Habitat Loss and Degradation: due to invasive species, fire suppression and succession.
Recreational Pressures: that can damage individual plants and their habitats.
Activities that can damage Virginia Goat’s-rue and its critical habitat include:
- Activities that can introduce or encourage the growth of invasive plants, such as dumping of garden waste and off-trail ATV use.
- Activities that can damage individual plants such as unauthorized collecting, unauthorized road and trail use, or off-trail ATV use.
St. Williams Conservation Reserve management practices:
- Population monitoring
- Sand barren thinning activities
- Invasive plant control
- Enforcement of unauthorized trail use
- Prescribed burns
What you can do to help:
- Follow the code of conduct for recreational activities in the Conservation Reserve and know and respect the current trail-use regulations.
- Clean your boots, bicycle tires, or ATV before and after visiting the SWCR or other natural areas to avoid spreading invasive plant seeds.
- Report unauthorized trail use or any illegal activity related to plants and wildlife to 1-877-TIPS-MNR (847-7667).